Known as the primary construction that was completely dedicated to its holy founder, this massive stupa lies about 3 kilometers west of Kathmandu. As one of the most glorious Buddhist stupas in the world, it is around 2,000 years old and is also informally called the ‘Monkey Temple’. The major structure is composed of crafted bricks and clay that all support a lofty conical spire capped by pinnacle of copper gilt. On all four sides of the spire, the seeing eyes of Gautam Buddha can clearly be observed.
The stupa lies about 70 meters above the average altitude of the Kathmandu Valley. The hill of Swayambhunath is a miracle mosaic of small stupas and pagoda temples. Apart from this, a shrine, known as Harati Mata, also exists, dedicated to the famous goddess Ajima. The major stupa and this particular shrine are all surrounded by other temples and monasteries. With all of this in mind, it is really no surprise that this site is a major world attraction.